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This issue brief explores the vast negative physical, psychological, and developmental consequences of seclusion and restraint on children, as well as the ways that seclusion and restraint destroy school culture and are often unfairly and arbitrarily used to target students of color and students with disabilities. Although Ohio has relatively new regulations intending to limit the use of seclusion and restraint in schools, the current policies are not sufficient to protect children. Preventing Seclusion and Restraint in Ohio's Schools, therefore, proposes alternative policies that would further limit the use of these aversive practices, with a goal of eliminating, or, at a minimum, reducing the use of seclusion and restraint in Ohio schools and better protecting all Ohio children from the profound harm that results from these practices.
February 1, 2015
This issue brief explains why schools and communities should reconsider adding police officers, often called School Resource Officers, to their school buildings. The presence of officers in schools greatly exacerbates the Cradle to Prison Pipeline and puts students at higher risk of being pushed out of school and into unnecessary involvement with the juvenile justice system. For those schools that do have School Resource Officers, the brief makes recommendations for how to integrate them into a positive school climate that minimizes the risks and maximizes safety.
August 15, 2013
As an update to the 2010 Juvenile Detention Reform Issue Brief and Fact Sheet, this issue brief highlights promising detention reform practices in Ohio and outlines a number of next steps that juvenile justice practitioners can take at the local and state levels.
December 1, 2012
In the wake of the Newtown massacre when 20 six and seven-year-olds were killed, we find compelling evidence that a new law could protect Ohio's children from such a tragedy. This CDF-Ohio policy brief calls for the Ohio legislature to enact a Child Access Prevention Law (CAP) law that would require all guns to be stored safely and securely in any place. Evidence shows that CAP laws prevent gun deaths and injuries among children and teenagers, and reduce the significant economic, psychological, and emotional costs from gun violence.
December 1, 2012
Out-of-school suspensions and expulsions—discipline practices that exclude children from school—have increased dramatically in the United States since the 1970s. This increase is largely due to schools’ overreliance on “zero tolerance” policies. Pushing students out of school does not assess the student’s underlying behavior or reach a long term solution. This issue brief outlines the problem of zero tolerance policies, including the disparate Impact on disabled, economically disadvantaged, and minority children and offers recommendations for policy change in Ohio.
November 1, 2012
CDF-Ohio and the Children’s Law Center, Inc. collaborated to raise awareness and support for juvenile pretrial detention reform in Ohio. This brief outlines the need for early mental health screening in detention centers, and supports the use of validated screening tools and provision of confidentiality to youth undergoing screening to ensure effective screening and treatment of youth.
October 1, 2012
The Children’s Defense Fund – Ohio, the Children’s Law Center, Inc., Voices for Ohio’s Children and the Juvenile Justice Coalition – Ohio collaborate to increase awareness and support among key stakeholders and the general public for juvenile pretrial detention reform in Ohio. This brief supports the adoption of alternatives that will keep youth out of pretrial detention whenever possible, while maintaining community safety. This brief and the related Juvenile Detention Reform in Ohio Fact Sheet outline the current research and impact of juvenile pre-trial detention.
October 1, 2010
A companion to the issue brief, Rethinking Juvenile Detention in Ohio, this Fact Sheet provides an overview of juvenile detention and discusses the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI).
October 1, 2010